Interfaith marriages have been on the rise for decades. Recent data indicates that more than 30% of couples married in the last decade are of different faith backgrounds. That's nearly a 2x increase from the approximately 16% of couples in mixed faith marriages before 1972. Crafting a wedding experience is tough — no matter who you are — and interfaith couples face a unique set of challenges.
That said, coming up with a creative ceremony that blends both your and your partner's different religious backgrounds doesn't have to be a grand feat of theology. The moment doesn't need to resolve thousand-year-old disputes about whether or not different faiths can come together harmoniously. Your union itself already embodies the possibility of building spiritual and emotional bridges.
This task is, on its face, simple: celebrate your love, honor traditions that represent your background and community, and do it beautifully in a way that personally resonates for you as a couple. Take a deep breath. Let go of some of the pressure, if you have it.
Yet it’s still a tricky endeavor to execute well. You have to settle on what you and your partner want. Then, connect your vision with the expectations of your most important wedding guests, especially family members. Finally, you must turn it into a reality for what may be one of the most important days of your life.
It's totally understandable if this feels like a challenge. It can feel like a lot of moving parts.
In this article, we'll cover each of these moving stages so that you can confidently approach all of the considerations that go into planning an interfaith wedding ceremony.
You can make the most of our resources and de-stress the ceremony planning experience with the help of our Ceremony Builder.
Communicate Your Intent
It’s known that communication is fundamental to any relationship, and it’s no less essential for the preparation of wedding ceremonies combining rituals and traditions from different religions. Tossing together acknowledgements from both sides isn’t guaranteed to flow smoothly and might not satisfy others who are invested in your union. But if you are thoughtful and intentional about your design while communicating with everyone involved, the moment will be magical.
Consider your partner, your parents and families, and your officiant. The rest of your guests matter, too; what your wedding and ceremony does to blend your two different faiths should be legible to them. Your guests shouldn't be left guessing at why something is happening or what it means to you.
Identify the Must-Haves and Dealbreakers
This is important for you, your partner, and your parents! Depending on your situation, the stakes can vary when it comes to involving family. Important relatives might see the ceremony as more than merely symbolic. Within the context of religion, rituals can have deep significance. Comments from family about what your wedding ceremony should be might signal their concerns about what your marriage means beyond the ceremony.
It's up to you to be clear alongside your partner on who and what matters to you most. This means both looking inward to interrogate your own priorities and looking outward to connect with your people and culture. Have the important conversations to identify what is non-negotiable for you and your loved ones (most importantly, your partner, of course).
Start with the Venue
One solution to dealing with the complications of a mixed faith wedding is to host the celebration at a non-religious location and have a secular ceremony. Keep the ceremony impartial, so to speak. Some will find this to be the simplest solution. But others might consider this neutral ground unsatisfactory for some important cultural or religious requirements. If you or an essential family member feels the need, a valid wedding might have to take place outside of a church, synagogue, mosque, or gurdwara.
Beyond venues, must-haves could take the form of a particular ritual, the presence of a religious leader, readings from a sacred text, the inclusion of certain language in vows, specific terms within the marriage contract, attire, or the inclusion of a symbol or structure at the altar.
We recommend that you include expressive elements whenever possible, rather than sidestepping the issue. But think about what that means in your context, because a decision to choose a neutral venue might itself be a statement!
Be Clear to Your Guests
Some couples choose to include a program with explanations of what the components of the ceremony are meant to symbolize and how this connects to your background as a couple. It’s important to the success of your celebration that those in attendance derive meaning alongside you. Outlining intent helps make this possible, regardless of cultural background.
Another option is to have the have the officiant include some words to explain significant elements. For example, the chuppah is a traditional centerpiece of Jewish weddings and can serve to communicate an important message of unity and hospitality within a new home. But it's unlikely that everyone present will be aware of the meaning this holds. And even if someone is familiar with the chuppah's place in traditional Jewish weddings, its significance in the context of your wedding in particular may not be evident.
Brief explanations of what is happening can ensure you are connecting with your family and guests rather than merely going through the motions. Even something as simple as a booklet listing key words and values for different facets of the ceremony can be very effective.
Collaborate with Your Officiant
The officiant has the important role of setting a tone. Their words and presence serve to lead the couple and their guests through every moment. Opening up to the guiding hand of your officiant can let in some serious magic. Their thoughtful words sprinkled throughout the ceremony can tie together the intent of each ritual component and define the ceremony's flow.
A close friend or family member can be the perfect officiant for an interfaith wedding. Rather than representing only one party as a any particular clergy member is poised to do, a personal officiant can be an impartial balance between the two. Our Ceremony Builder has the resources within to help him or her to incorporate rituals from various traditions into the ceremony’s design.
Who is Right for the Job?
What are some of the qualities in an ideal officiant for a mixed-faith wedding ceremony? Are they a clergyperson who understands the religious traditions and has experience dealing with interfaith couples? Or are they a trusted friend who has personally navigated the waters of multi-faith relationships, or who knows how your individual worldviews connect to your story as a couple?
These are all desirable qualities. However, finding the right person for the job is often more of an art than a science. The perfect solution might be unexpected. We’ve heard of one great example where a couple realized that the best way to fuse Judaism and Catholicism into their wedding ceremony was actually with the help of their Buddhist uncle! This is a great example of why we recommend a friend officiant as the go-to solution for any wedding, especially in the case of a mixed-faith couple.
Choose a Friend
Alongside the rends of increasingly common mixed-faith marriages is a rise in the number of weddings officiated by someone other than clergy; now about 50% of weddings are led by a friend or family member, up from just 30% in 2010. A mutual friend or family member is often best suited to lead an interfaith wedding, as they are uniquely positioned to design a ceremony that celebrates each partner’s culture equally while remaining free from being a representative of either side.
Regardless of their background, a thoughtful officiant is essential to successful interfaith ceremonies. Sit down with the officiant and involve them in the design of the ceremony. Make sure they understand your intentions. Talk in a group setting with important family members present, and get a sense of how your officiant intends to bring things together on the wedding day.
You Can Have Two Officiants?
If a third-party officiant isn't the answer for you or if your friend needs backup, there is also the possibility of having two officiants involved at once. You could have a friend officiant alongside a member of the clergy, or you could have religious leaders from both faiths present. But be aware that some clergy members experienced in officiating interfaith marriages by themselves may not be willing to do so with a clergyperson of another faith.
How this looks in practice can vary, but we recommend that each officiant take charge of different parts of the ceremony that suit their strengths. For example, a rabbi can lead a reading from the Torah and conduct a Seven Blessings ritual while a friend officiant gives a full speech and leads the exchange of vows.
Again, communication is key! Perhaps you want to break free entirely from a traditional format, but the rabbi is expecting something akin to a Jewish wedding ceremony with Christian inclusions. Maybe your priest agrees to officiate alongside a Muslim officiant but is expecting the Catholic partner will agree to raise their children within the Catholic church. Expectations can be quite serious and need to be clearly articulated.
Balance the Ceremony Components
Interfaith weddings can feel like putting together a puzzle. How do you make everything fit together? It’s about balancing decisions with attention to how each piece resonates with you. Your officiant should be key in helping you throughout this process. If you have one, this is also a great time to call in the assistance of a wedding planner.
You have to decide where you want to combine components of each religion or culture and where you want to create a separate space for something that is particularly special to you. When combining ritual components, be mindful of the possibility that you may be minimizing both sides while trying to find places where they connect.
There’s More Than One Way
You might need two unity rituals instead of trying to capture everything within one, just as you might want two officiants if you can't find a single ideal person. We recommend explicitly including all faiths and cultures that are relevant to you rather than going for a more innocuous secular ceremony that ignores them. Trust that you’ll pull it off! It can be done gracefully.
For example, choosing a single line from Proverbs as a reading in a Christian-Jewish wedding is perhaps not enough to make a statement. Sometimes traditions can be seamlessly harmonized at once. Other times each should be given their own space.
Another idea — you can focus all of the ornamentation and decoration squarely within one tradition if you prefer it. Let's say your fiancé's family is from Iran and you are both Buddhist practitioners. Maybe you both agree that you like aesthetics and symbolism that would come from your Persian fiancé's side, which includes the iconic Sofreh Aghd centerpiece, and let that take over. Balance that with an inclusion of an element elsewhere that is specifically Buddhist. You could incorporate Buddhist values or concepts such as equanimity as part of your vows. Buddhist teacher Gils Frondan describes equanimity as "the ground for wisdom and freedom and the protector of compassion and love." This is beautiful material for vows, no matter your background.
Here are some examples of ritual components from different cultures that could be thematically unified.
- Include readings from both religions that speak to the same values or are in some way complementary to each other and your story. A Muslim-Christian couple can share readings from both Quran and the Bible on the meaning of married life.
- Let the concluding celebration express the sounds and music of both cultures. A Jewish-Mexican couple can have a hora dance that is followed by a callejoneada.
- Food and drink are often inclusions within unity rituals. A Nigerian-Russian couple could share bread and salt as is common in many Slavic Orthodox weddings followed by the Yoruban “Tasting of Four Elements.”
This is where you get creative and let your taste and imagination guide you. The officiant can play a role in ensuring the transition between the rituals is smooth. The communicated meanings of each ritual should be complementary or similar without stepping over each other.
Connect the Families
Think about going beyond just you and your partner when it comes to symbolically communicating the interfaith message. You could include children or other family members in a unity candle ceremony to emphasize the point of unity. Design a non-traditional seating arrangement that mixes members of both families rather than keeping them separate. If a particular seating arrangement is a must-have, which may be the case in some Christian or Muslim weddings, you can include a moment for a "Sign of Peace" where guests and family from each side of the aisle move to shake hands with each other.
Remember Your Intent
Again, only you can ultimately decide what will work best for you. There might be elements of one ritual that appease one side of the family but make the other uncomfortable. Do you care about making sure each side is equally represented or are you ok with letting one faith or culture take the lead? This might be the case if one of you is deciding to convert. Find a compromise, be true to yourself, but be sensitive to how much this means to some of your loved ones.
And make sure you're not just going through the motions! Be intentional about whether you want to stick to traditions or deviate from them. Understand how, when, why you are doing something that deviates from tradition if you decide to perform a ritual in a unique way — and own it!
Considering Two Ceremonies
You do have the choice of having distinct ceremonies for each cultural or religious tradition. You’ll skip the mess, keep things separate, and invite your guests to both. But our recommendation is to do what you can to find a way to express your cultures together.
This is because two ceremonies can mean twice as many resources, time, and energy. It means asking more of your guests, especially if the ceremonies are held on different days and in different venues.
Keeping things together under one event also retains an important symbolism; you are stating that you have room to honor all of the divergent directions involved in your marriage. It’s a moment that can serve as a roadmap for navigating cultural difference in the future.
Still, a two-ceremony solution can be formatted in more than one way. It depends on what you find is right for your situation. You could have a single interfaith ceremony with all of your friends involved. Afterwards, hold a private family-only ceremony if you find that creating the space for a traditional blessing and validation is a necessity for you or someone in your family.
For example, a Christian and Muslim couple can choose to have a full wedding in the Western style (which contains Judeo-Christian influences) and later hold a nikah in a mosque or share their vows in the presence of a priest in a church.
Do What Feels Right
These decisions involve emotional and existential dimensions. For example, thinking about the decision to convert (and the pressure from family that may be involved) might also be part of this process. This is a place where one needs to be able to make their own decision by knowing themselves and their partner on a deep level. Though addressing this issue is beyond the scope of this article, you may want to include elements to acknowledge conversion if that is what you’re pursuing.
You don't have to go at this alone. Talk to counselors or clergy members that are empathetic to or have experience with an interfaith ceremony. Every situation is unique, and speaking to an insightful professional can help you further reflect on what decisions will be best for you. Your officiant, if they are a person with wisdom positioned to thoughtfully consider your options without bias, may also be able to assist.